By: Luke Jones, Published on January 31, 2018 01:49 PM, Last Update on January 31, 2018 10:50 AM
The Senate committee report on self-driving vehicles called for the federal government to take a more unified action in preparing Canada for autonomous technology. Additionally, the report discussed what the country has to prepare for, offered recommendations, and presented data on driverless cars.
The Senate Committee on Transport and Communications – chaired by senators David Tkachuk, Dennis Dawson and Patricia Bovey – released the report titled “Driving Change: Technology and the future of the automated vehicle,” completing a two-year research process designed to assess the risk and reward of using autonomous technology.
In the report, the committee puts across 16 recommendations that will prepare Canada for the launch of the disruptive technology. The country must start “to lay the groundwork for policy that will encourage the responsible development of this technology.”
The 16 recommendations laid out in the report are:
RECOMMENDATION 1: Transport Canada and Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada expeditiously create a joint policy unit to coordinate federal efforts and implement a national strategy on automated and connected vehicles.
RECOMMENDATION 2: Transport Canada engage with provincial and territorial governments, through the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators, to develop a model provincial policy for the use of automated and connected vehicles on public roads. The department should also involve municipalities in this engagement process.
RECOMMENDATION 3: Transport Canada strengthen its work on automated and connected vehicles with the United States through the Regulatory Cooperation Council, to ensure that these vehicles will work seamlessly in both countries.
RECOMMENDATION 4: Transport Canada urgently develop vehicle safety guidelines for the design of automated and connected vehicles. The guidelines should identify design aspects for industry to consider when developing, testing and deploying such vehicles on Canadian roads. The guidelines should also be updated regularly to keep pace with the evolution of automated and connected vehicle technology.
RECOMMENDATION 5: Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada allocate the 5.9 gigahertz spectrum that it has set aside for use in dedicated short-range communications systems, while continuing to reserve this spectrum for connected vehicle uses.
RECOMMENDATION 6: Transport Canada, in cooperation with the Communications Security Establishment and Public Safety Canada, develop cybersecurity guidance for the transportation sector based on best practices and recognized cybersecurity principles. The guidance should include advice on original equipment, replacement equipment and software updates.
RECOMMENDATION 7: Transport Canada work with Public Safety Canada, the Communications Security Establishment and industry stakeholders to address cybersecurity issues and to establish a real-time crisis connect network, and that Transport Canada report regularly on their progress.
RECOMMENDATION 8: The Government of Canada table legislation to empower the Office of the Privacy Commissioner to proactively investigate and enforce industry compliance with the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act.
RECOMMENDATION 9: The Government of Canada continue to assess the need for privacy regulations specific to the connected car.
RECOMMENDATION 10: Transport Canada bring together relevant stakeholders – governments, automakers, and consumers – to develop a connected car framework, with privacy protection as one of its key drivers.
RECOMMENDATION 11: Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada monitor the impact of automated and connected vehicle technology on competition between the various sectors of the automotive and mobility industries, in order to ensure that sectors such as the aftermarket and car rental companies continue to have access to the data they need to offer their services.
RECOMMENDATION 12: The Government of Canada increase its investments in the research and development of automated and connected vehicles, through a new Innovative and Intelligent Mobility Research and Test Centre, to be located at the existing Motor Vehicle Test Centre. In addition to ensuring that these vehicles are tested in a mix of urban, rural and cold environments, particular consideration should also be given to projects focused on cybersecurity and privacy.
RECOMMENDATION 13: Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada work with Networks of Centres of Excellence of Canada (NCE) to reconsider the rule requiring that these networks close down at the end of NCE program funding.
RECOMMENDATION 14: Transport Canada monitor the impact of AV and CV technologies on automobile insurance, infrastructure and public transit in Canada.
RECOMMENDATION 15: Employment and Social Development Canada continue to work closely with the provinces and territories in order to strengthen retraining, skills upgrading and employment support for Canadians facing labour market disruption.
RECOMMENDATION 16: Public Safety Canada and the Communications Security Establishment work closely with the provinces and territories to develop cybersecurity training materials and programs to improve public understanding of cybersecurity issues.
The committee also published important facts regarding autonomous vehicles. For example, self-driving vehicles capable of inner city travel will be available within 10 to 15 years. 94% of all collisions are human error and could be avoided. Autonomous technology will reduce the number of accidents on roads considerably.